Inflammatory Cytokines Analysis through NuChem Sciences’ LPS model

Pain models, by their intrinsic nature, frequently embody an inflammatory component. This inflammation is mediated through the orchestrated release of specific cytokines, which serve as molecular beacons in the cascade of inflammatory responses. Recognizing the pivotal role of these cytokines in pain and inflammation, NuChem Sciences offers a sophisticated and refined analysis, either as individual assays or as comprehensive panels, for inflammatory cytokines across a spectrum of biological matrices. Our primary platforms for these evaluations are the MesoScale Discovery (MSD) technology and ELISA.

A cornerstone model in our repertoire is the mouse LPS model, extensively leveraged as a pharmacodynamic (PD) archetype for the study of inflammatory cytokine release. The protocol involves the administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), either intravenously or intraperitoneally. This triggers an acute and robust release of serum cytokines, which can then be quantitatively assessed. This LPS model, beyond its scientific relevance, offers a pragmatic advantage—it serves as a rapid, cost-efficient mechanistic PD model, affording preliminary insights prior to venturing into more resource-intensive disease models.

Our objective, when deploying the LPS challenge, is to precisely determine the surge in mouse serum cytokine levels post an intraperitoneal LPS injection. A typical study design entails administering mice with an escalating dose gradient of LPS, ranging from 0.005 to 1 mg/kg. Serum samples are subsequently harvested at distinct time intervals: 1 h, 3 h, or 6 h post-injection, with each dosage and time group housing five subjects. The ensuing cytokine analysis is driven by the state-of-the-art MSD technology.

In our comprehensive study of inflammatory cytokine release in response to LPS challenge, it is discernible that all examined samples fell within the anticipated detection range, attesting to the meticulousness of our experimental design and the efficacy of the employed methodologies. A clear dose-effect relationship was manifested with LPS administration, signifying its potent role in modulating cytokine release in mouse serum.

The precision and accuracy of the MesoScale Discovery (MSD) reader was notably highlighted, with its exceptional analytical sensitivity allowing for the nuanced quantification of inflammatory markers. This was evidenced by the observed dose-dependent augmentation in cytokine release as LPS concentrations escalated. Furthermore, an intriguing observation was the divergent temporal induction patterns exhibited by distinct cytokines, suggesting a complex interplay of signaling cascades and regulatory mechanisms in the inflammatory response.

The benefits of the MSD platform are manifold:

  • The capability to concurrently detect up to 10 analytes within a singular well.
  • Broad dynamic range of assays, spanning 3-4 logarithmic scales.
  • Impressive detection thresholds, nestled between 0.1 and 10 pg/mL.
  • Minimal sample volume requirements, ranging from 1-25 µL.
  • Compatibility with a diverse array of samples, including cell supernatants, serum, plasma, whole blood, and tissues.

Flexibility to either design bespoke assays tailored to specific needs or opt for readily available panels.

For a deeper dive into our study, head to our website and download our poster.
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in vivo Pharmacology